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  • New York Neurobehavioral Services

Concussion Types and Symptoms



One of the most common types of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a concussion. A concussion occurs when there is a sudden impact to the head, causing the brain to move forcefully within the skull. Concussions cause a disruption to the normal functioning of the brain.




Types of Concussions

There are three primary types of concussions, which range from mild to severe: Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3. A Grade 1 concussion results in a brief loss of consciousness, but there are no other long-term symptoms or complications. A Grade 2 concussion does not result in a loss of consciousness but may result in confusion, mild amnesia, and/or disorientation. The symptoms of a Grade 2 concussion typically last less than fifteen minutes. A Grade 3 concussion, the most serious form, results in the loss of consciousness for more than fifteen minutes, along with extended disorientation and confusion. A Grade 3 concussion has the potential to cause long-term neurological damage.


Symptoms of a Concussion

A concussion can be difficult to identify because signs may not appear for days or weeks after the incident. It is important to monitor oneself after suffering a head injury. Common symptoms of a concussion include:

  • Confusion

  • Headaches

  • Nausea

  • Dizziness

  • Slurred speech

  • Light sensitivity

  • Sound sensitivity

  • Mood swings

  • Fatigue

  • Memory problems

  • Attention deficits

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Changes in behavior

  • Changes in thinking

If a person is experiencing any or a combination of these symptoms, it is imperative to seek medical help. Concussions can cause serious physical and cognitive long-term effects if untreated. Our professionals at New York Neurobehavioral Services are here to answer any questions and assist in the recovery process.


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