What are the 5 Major Types of Anxiety Disorders?
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 31% of adults in the United States experience an anxiety disorder at some point in their lives. There are several types of anxiety disorders, which are determined by the symptoms and triggers. Here is a closer look at five of the most common types of anxiety disorders:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, or GAD, is characterized by excessive anxiety and/or worry the majority of the time. People with GAD may feel restless, on edge, or easily tired. Some experience difficulty concentrating, irritability, and muscle tension.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, is characterized by frequent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Repetitive behaviors can include hand washing, checking the locks, and cleaning.
*Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder tends to run in families.
Panic Disorder is characterized by sudden and repeated feelings of terror when no real danger is present, often referred to as panic attacks. Some of the physical symptoms of a panic attack include a fast heartbeat, chest or stomach pain, and difficulty breathing. Some people may experience weakness or dizziness, sweating, chills, or numb hands.
*Panic Disorder is more common in women than men.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, can develop after exposure to a traumatic event. Traumatic events can include military combat, natural or human-caused disasters, a serious accident, or physical or sexual abuse. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder can cause flashbacks, trouble sleeping or nightmares, loneliness, or anger. Some people also develop feelings of worry, guilt, or sadness.
Social Anxiety Disorder (or Social Phobia)
Social Anxiety Disorder, or Social Phobia, is characterized by overwhelming, excessive self-consciousness in everyday social situations. Social Anxiety Disorder can be limited to one circumstance, such as a fear of public speaking or eating/drinking in front of others. In other cases, Social Anxiety Disorder can be more severe and a person can experience symptoms anytime they are around other people.
If you are experiencing any form of anxiety, our therapists at New York Neurobehavioral Services are here for you. We would love to help you work through your anxiety disorder and live life to the fullest. Visit our website for more information.